AFA 18 A major intelligence-related controversy of the late Cold War, the shooting of Pope John Paul II in 1981 was widely and mistakenly blamed on the Soviet Union.
A series of banking scandals involving the Vatican, as well as their effect on international and Vatican political reality; relationships evolving from Vatican entanglements during the Second World War. Members of the P-2 lodge determined the course of events that precipitated the scandals.
Founded by Mussolini ally and Nazi officer Licio Gelli, the P-2 lodge functioned as a de facto crypto-fascist government in the 1960s, 70s and early 80s. Utilizing blackmail and, as called for, murder to enforce obedience and loyalty, Gelli recruited from among the Italian elite. Prominent military and intelligence officials, business and media figures, politicians and Mafiosi comprised the membership of the avowedly fascist organization, making it a center of consummate, occult political power in Italy.